Surrogacy is an advanced version of assisted reproductive technology. Both surrogate (the woman who has hired to carry the child) and intended parents have some common questions in their mind, which are as follows:
Why is surrogacy considered as a complex ART process?
Surrogacy is a third party reproduction technique requires to hire a woman for carrying the off-spring for the intended parents. The born child through surrogacy process may or may not have a biological connection with the surrogate. In surrogacy, both complicated medical process and country-specific legal procedures are required to follow to continue the program. This is an expensive reproductive treatment process. Many countries ban commercial surrogacy.
Is monetary compensation always involve in surrogacy?
It is not necessary to always monetary compensation require to link to hire a surrogate. Altruistic surrogacy does not allow any compensation for carrying the child. The foundation of Altruistic surrogacy is selflessness and noble reason to help some infertile couples or single parents who desire to have their own kids. Many countries only allow Altruistic surrogacy.
When can be a surrogate become biological mother of the born child?
Surrogacy broadly divided into two types – Traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy. In traditional surrogacy, the eggs are collected from the surrogate and artificially fertilized with intended father’s sperm. The created embryo in the laboratory set-up is then implanted to surrogate’s womb. She carries the off-spring for the whole gestational period for proper development of the fetus. After completion of full-term, surrogate deliver the child and hand over to the intended parents. In this technique, the used egg is collected from the surrogate, so she the biological mother of the born child.
However, in gestational surrogacy, usually, the viable eggs are collected from intended mother and created embryo after fertilization of her male partner implanted to gestational surrogate for complete development of the fetus. Therefore, in these cases, surrogate only acts as a gestational carrier, who has no biological connection with the baby.
What is the role of an egg donor in case of surrogacy program?
If the surrogate does not want to agree to pursue traditional surrogacy process in case of the intended mother has an ovarian failure or produce poor quality egg or reached to menopausal age, then require to take help from an egg donor.
What are the criteria need to match between surrogate and intended parents for successful surrogacy?
Some basic criteria are:
- Research your own.
- Collection of detail information of complete surrogacy process.
- Decision-making capacity.
- To fulfill the commitments.
- Challenge acceptance mentality.
- Conducting and passing all the medical and psychological evaluations.
- Positive attitude towards life.
- Capacity to deal with financial and emotional investment.
- Strong family support system.
Who bridging the surrogate and intended parents?
There are two professionals play an extremely important role between the surrogate and intended parents. They are surrogacy agencies and surrogacy attorneys. Surrogacy agencies offers a professional service to intended parents according to their selected criteria in the surrogacy process, including searching for best match surrogate for the selected program, medical screening, communicating with all the professionals including medical counselors, embryologist, endocrinologist, IVF experts, egg and/or sperm donor (if required) and legal personnel. Therefore, full-service obtain from surrogacy agencies aim to act as a supporter of the hassle-free, successful surrogacy process. Surrogacy agencies generally work with surrogates across the country and serve services to intended parents around the globe.
Whereas, surrogacy attorneys arrange necessary legal functioning to draft legal contracts and assure to follow the country-specific laws and regulation. Usually, intended parents do not need to contact with surrogacy attorneys because here the surrogacy agencies play as coordinators. All the necessary points including the right of the born child, compensation of the surrogate are mentioned in the legal draft.
Ravi Sharma is the director at ARTbaby Global (ARThealthcare). And a successful pharmacist and a marketer. He loves to write about IVF, Surrogacy and other ART (assisted reproductive technology) news, issues, and updates. He is a Pharmacy graduate and M.B.A (marketing).