Surrogacy was legalized in 1990 in Georgia that attracted the attention of intended parents toward their surrogacy needs. The fact cannot be denied that it was successful, and since then it has been drawing the attention of intended parents from across the world for surrogacy services at affordable prices and in a legal way. Since the beginning, some major and minor changes have been introduced by the Georgian law department.
Since 1997, egg donation, sperm donation and surrogacy have been legal in Georgia. A donor or surrogate mother has no parental rights over the child born as per the laws. In this way, couples and intended parents are free from any kind of potential problem in the future. Couples or intended parents need to register their names with some legal formalities as parents of the child.
Even in the case of the embryo obtained from an egg donation or sperm donation that is transferred into the uterus of the surrogate mother, intended parents will be deemed as legal parents of the child. According to the laws implemented in the year of 1997, the birth certificate is issued immediately after the child’s birth – within one day.
In this way, parents who are getting surrogacy services in Georgia are registered as parents on the birth certificate of the baby that enter the world through Georgian surrogacy. The interesting fact about the laws is that there is no need for consent or permission of the surrogate mother required for registration.
However, there are certain documents that need to be submitted or required at the time of registration of intended parents that include:
- Certificate of the surrogacy agreement
- Certificate of the fact of childbirth that is an issue by maternity hospital
- Certificate of embryo transfer to the surrogate mother issues by the IVF clinic
These certificates will ensure the registration process of parenthood with the birth certificate of the baby.
Article 143 is another important law, in which extracorporeal fertilization or IVF is allowed. It has been divided into two categories that include:
- For the purpose of treatment of infertility as well as in case of risk of transmission of genetic disease on a wife’s or husband’s part by using sex cells or an embryo of the couple or a donor – if the couple’s written permission has been obtained.
- In case, a woman doesn’t have the uterus for the purpose of transfer and growth of the embryo obtained as a result of fertilization to the uterus of another woman or surrogate mother. Here, the written permission of the couple is obligatory.
According to the laws, couples are considered to be parents in case of childbirth with the responsibility and authority ensuring from it. A surrogate mother or donor has no right to be recognized as a parent of the born child.
Article 144 is another important law for the purpose of artificial fertilization. It is possible to use female and male sex cells or an embryo conserved by the mother of freezing. The time of conservation is counted as per the couple’s will by this procedure.
Surrogacy law in Georgia has given a ray of hope to intended parents who are searching for the best quality affordable surrogacy options.
Ravi Sharma is the director at ARTbaby Global (ARThealthcare). And a successful pharmacist and a marketer. He loves to write about IVF, Surrogacy and other ART (assisted reproductive technology) news, issues, and updates. He is a Pharmacy graduate (B. Pharm) and M.B.A (marketing).