A variety of assisted reproductive techniques are included in the fertility treatment to increase the scope of conceiving. Egg and sperm donation, insemination of gamete, intrauterine insemination, and intracytoplasmic sperm injection are some less complicated assisted reproductive techniques. But surrogacy is relatively complicated assisted reproductive technique. Multiple processes may include completing the surrogacy depending upon the intended parent’s physical condition and the contract signed between the intended parents and surrogates. Apart from the complicated clinical process, legislative challenge related to the fundamental rights of woman and mother also added difficulty to pursue the surrogacy.
Egg and sperm donation, insemination of gamete, intrauterine insemination, and intracytoplasmic sperm injection are some assisted reproductive techniques require less complication than surrogacy. Comparatively, surrogacy is a relatively complicated assisted reproductive technique. Multiple processes may include completing the surrogacy depending upon the intended parent’s physical condition and the contract signed between the intended parents and surrogates. Apart from the complicated clinical process, legislative challenge related to the fundamental rights of woman and mother also added difficulty to pursue the surrogacy.
Before initiating the assisted reproductive treatment in surrogacy, a surrogacy agreement requires to sign between the surrogate and intended parents for avoiding legal challenges. In this surrogacy agreement, the surrogate agrees to act as a gestational carrier for a couple and hand over the child to them after delivery.
In gestational surrogacy, IVF process is an integral part of the treatment. The embryo is created through in vitro fertilization. There are different possibilities of genetic relationship of a child born through gestational surrogacy. These diverse combinations of genetic relationship only possible due to the assisted reproductive techniques allow multiple ways to create an embryo.
The gametes may collect from the prospective parents, or donor gametes are used to form the embryo. In case of the intended mother has ovulation abnormality, poor egg quality or insufficient eggs, then the sperm is collected from the client couple and donor egg is used. If both sperm and eggs are collected from prospective parents, then the delivered child has a complete genetic child of the prospective parents and no relation with a gestational surrogate. But in case of both the gametes (sperm and egg) have used from donors, then the child has no biological relationship with the prospective parents and gestational carrier.
There is another possibility. The child has a biological relationship with his/her father in case of the intended father’s sperm is used to form the embryo. But in such cases no genetic connection with the intended mother. There are three separate women involved in such cases the genetic mother, the gestational mother, and the commissioning mother.
In traditional surrogacy, a surrogate can donate her eggs to create the embryo. In such cases, the born child has a genetic relationship with surrogate. However, in every surrogacy technique, the treatment is followed according to the treatment plan. Both surrogate and intended parents accept the treatment plan, which made before the initiation of treatment.
Infertility becomes a global health issue. Assisted reproductive technique involvement gives the alternative opportunity to the infertile couple to build their family by opting surrogacy. This invention gives a new aspect of reproductive care. Intended parents can travel cross broader to obtain the surrogacy service. Different names, such as ‘ cross broader surrogacy’, “procreative tourism”, ” fertility tourism” or “reproductive tourism’ describe the same. This travel plan mainly conducted by the intended parents for their personal reproductive c
Ravi Sharma is the director at ARTbaby Global (ARThealthcare). And a successful pharmacist and a marketer. He loves to write about IVF, Surrogacy and other ART (assisted reproductive technology) news, issues, and updates. He is a Pharmacy graduate and M.B.A (marketing).