Step by step improvement in human childbirth is significant throughout human evolution. Before 1978, nobody has the idea that a child could birth through IVF. On 25th July 1978, Louise was the first girl child born through IVF with all the normal physical features. This medical advancement surprised whole human fraternity.
However, this success story had many research works. Walter Heape first started this research with animal breeds around 1840. Almost 300 IVF cycle had failed before Louise was born. The IVF researcher Robert Edwards won Nobel Prize in 2010, after getting the recognition of IVF as an infertility treatment.
It has been estimated almost 10% worldwide population is infertile and limited medicinal treatment cannot help them to solve their problem. Today, In vitro fertilization become a clinically established fertility technique use to mating the eggs and sperm artificially when eggs and sperm cannot meet and fertilized normally inside the female womb.
In 1980, Edwards along with his colleague Patrick Steptoe had started first private IVF clinic. Different branches of their IVF centers are already open and successfully run in different countries throughout the world.
According to the CDC data, the birth rate through assisted reproductive technology (ART) have doubled over the past decade. Among different ART, IVF is one of the most commonly used ART(Assisted Reproductive Tech) and worldwide millions of babies born through IVF.
In 2017, researchers discussed the safety and effectiveness in Fertility and Sterility research paper. An Israel research paper showed that mental health, physical health, and brainpower of teenagers born through IVF is comparable with a normally born child.
Ongoing research and development in biological activities try to evolve genetic screening in a more advanced way to evolve childbirth. Stem cell research has great hope for medical researchers, as a solution for hyper overstimulation syndrome.
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Researchers expected no hormonal stimulation therapy require to stimulate egg formation, as advances in stem cell technology can bring some technique able to coax skin cells into gametes in the near future. Therefore, no egg will require fertilization. This news may surprise you today, but the fact is that researchers already started their animal research in this field.
Genetic screening also is also progressing and much more we can expect in childbirth advancement. In the new era of childbirth, we gradually aware of the difference between traditional prenatal genetic tests and prenatal whole genome sequencing. Prenatal whole genome sequencing has already adopted into clinical care in a certain situation.
Clinicians recommended selectively these tests to overcome certain risks. The new blood test can be carried out to know the details of our children’s genetic secrets. This tests usually conducted in the first trimester to get an idea of a fetus’s genetic traits and future disease risks before they born. This information helps to reduce the likelihood of many diseases.
But misuse of this medical advancement can cause ethical issues. Therefore, there is a dilemma of application of these tests, as both benefits and risk assessments of these advancements are still going on.