A recently published article in the Independent, UK paper magazine revealed a study report which provides the information that exposure to polluted air in the traffic-congested roads could reduce the fertility duration of females. Nowadays, the number of working women is increasing.
It is quite common in the daily routine that we stuck into traffic-congested streets. Unknowingly many women affected with early infertility due to exposure of filthy air caused by the ejection of polluted gases from vehicles.
Women gradually decrease their childbearing age because of insufficient egg formation in their ovaries. Italian research conducted to compare the egg production between women lived in the most polluted areas with women who lived in a cleaner atmosphere, which supported that polluted air hit the female reproductive ability by reducing the egg count.
According to the reproductive experts this dangerous effect of air pollution may not affect the females at their early stage of life, means a female who is in the twenties or early thirties cannot realize this hazardous effect. But chronic exposure to polluted air can cause early menopause and reduce the childbearing age.
Anatomical description of female ovaries stated that a fixed number of follicle cells present in each ovary. Follicle cells act as reservoirs of eggs. Gynecologist and obstetrician can analyze the amount of egg remain in ovaries by conducting a blood test.
In this blood test, the doctor estimates the anti-Mullerian hormone level. The lowering of this hormonal level signifies the reduction of viable follicles number.
Medical researchers have already reported the smoking habit of the female is one of the primary cause of follicle cells damage. But recent finding indicates that the combination of nitrogen dioxide dirt and heavy metal particles exerted from dirty fumes and industrial gases could provide a similar effect as cigarette smoking negatively affects female fertility.
1,318 women had participated in the Italian research study. In this study, blood samples of the participants who lived in air polluted area had collected.
In this area, the microscopic particle of the pollutant is measured by estimating the amount of PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 levels. The test result reported that the measured levels of anti-Mullerian hormone significantly low.
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This test result also indicated that women who lived in NO2 concentrated areas had a low quantity of egg. Researchers of this study have estimated that high polluted areas responsible for 3.2 times lower egg reserve in female ovaries.
In the new generation, females are delaying to start their family. In this circumstance, the family build-up in an industrial area or metro cities become difficult. Researchers expected that reduction of air pollution could a measure to uphold the female fertility.
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Research experts also recommended that females need to avoid exposing chronic air pollution by controlling pollution at home, such as the application of window seals, limited burning of a wood fire.
Researchers also suggested that the relationship between the enhancement of pollution and aging of women’s ovaries and according to their suggestion 2mg enhancement of pollution can cause two years reduction of women’s fertility.
Ravi Sharma is the director at ARTbaby Global (ARThealthcare). And a successful pharmacist and a marketer. He loves to write about IVF, Surrogacy and other ART (assisted reproductive technology) news, issues, and updates. He is a Pharmacy graduate (B. Pharm) and M.B.A (marketing).