Air pollution triggers early infertility in females: Experts

A recently published article in the Independent, UK  paper magazine revealed a study report which provides the information that exposure to polluted air in the traffic-congested roads could reduce the fertility duration of females. 

Nowadays, the number of working women is increasing.

Sad girl struggling early infertility triggered by Air Pollution

It is quite common in the daily routine that we are stuck in traffic-congested streets.

Unknowingly many women are affected with early infertility due to exposure to filthy air caused by the ejection of polluted gases from vehicles.

Women gradually decrease their childbearing age because of insufficient egg formation in their ovaries.

Italian research was conducted to compare the egg production between women who lived in the most polluted areas with women who lived in a cleaner atmosphere, which supported that polluted air hit the female reproductive ability by reducing the egg count.

According to the reproductive experts, this dangerous effect of air pollution may not affect the females at their early stage of life, which means a female who is in the twenties or early thirties cannot realize this hazardous effect.

But chronic exposure to polluted air can cause early menopause and reduce the childbearing age.

Anatomical description of female ovaries stated that a fixed number of follicle cells are present in each ovary.

Follicle cells act as reservoirs of eggs.

Gynecologists and obstetricians can analyze the number of eggs remaining in ovaries by conducting a blood test.

In this blood test, the doctor estimates the anti-Mullerian hormone level.

The lowering of this hormonal level signifies the reduction of viable follicles number.

Medical researchers have already reported the smoking habit of the female is one of the primary causes of follicle cells damage.

But recent finding indicates that the combination of nitrogen dioxide dirt and heavy metal particles exerted from dirty fumes and industrial gases could provide a similar effect as cigarette smoking negatively affects female fertility.

1,318 women had participated in the Italian research study.

In this study, blood samples of the participants who lived in air polluted areas had collected. 

In this area, the microscopic particle of the pollutant is measured by estimating the amount of PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 levels.

The test result reported that the measured levels of the anti-Mullerian hormone were significantly low.

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This test result also indicated that women who lived in NO2 concentrated areas had a low quantity of eggs. 

Researchers of this study have estimated that high polluted areas are responsible for 3.2 times lower egg reserve in female ovaries.

In the new generation, females are delaying starting their families.

In this circumstance, the family build-up in an industrial area or metro city becomes difficult.

Researchers expected that reduction of air pollution could a measure to uphold female fertility.

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Research experts also recommended that females need to avoid exposing chronic air pollution by controlling pollution at home, such as the application of window seals, limited burning of a wood fire.

Researchers also suggested the relationship between the enhancement of pollution and aging of women’s ovaries and according to their suggestion 2mg enhancement of pollution can cause two years reduction of women’s fertility.

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