Infertility in women usually occurs due to different reproductive health issues. Some of the common underlying causes are advanced maternal age, adenomyosis, endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome, tubal block, submucous fibroid, pelvic inflammatory disease, hormonal imbalance, etc.
Genital tuberculosis occurs in women and can damage the fallopian tube and endometrium which causes 18% of female infertility. Lifestyle factors affect menstrual irregularity in 33% of females. These females often face difficulty in conception.
Infertility in women can be diagnosed through a blood test to measure the hormone level, transvaginal ultrasound to gauge the uterus and ovaries, and HSG to monitor the fallopian tube.
Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are two traditional invasive techniques to diagnose infertility in women. However, many less invasive modern technologies have developed as an alternative to these traditional invasive techniques.
Infertility influences up to 12% of all men, and sexual disorder happens frequently in men of reproductive age, causing infertility at some times.
In infertile men, hypoactive sexual choice and shortage of sexual pleasure are the most everyday varieties of sexual dysfunction, starting from 8.9% to 68. 7%. Erectile disorder and/or premature ejaculation, evaluated with confirmed equipment, have an incidence of one in six infertile men, and orgasmic dysfunction has an incidence of 1 in 10 infertile men.
In addition, infertile men can enjoy a heavy psychological burden. Infertility and its related psychological concerns can underlie sexual dysfunction. Furthermore, preferred health perturbations can cause male infertility and/or sexual disorder.
Erectile dysfunction and male infertility are considered proxies for popular fitness, the former underlying cardiovascular disorders and the latter cancerous and noncancerous conditions. The idea that erectile dysfunction in infertile men might be an early marker of bad general health is emerging. Finally, medicines used for trendy health problems can cause sperm abnormalities and sexual dysfunction.
Assistive fertility treatment options
Medical advancement brings many infertility treatment options which are safe and provide effective results. The doctor offers the treatment plan depending upon the couple’s condition. Commencement of treatment depends upon the mutual consideration of the doctor’s advice and the couple’s decision.
IUI technique is used for male infertility treatment. IUI technique makes sperm more concentrated form and directly inserted into the uterine cavity of the intended mother during the ovulation period to increase the scope of pregnancy. IUI technique is effective in the case of the female partner being normal. The IUI procedure is completed within 24 hours.
IVF is a well-established technique usually recommended when other infertility treatment does not provide effective result. The IVF process is commonly known as the test tube baby technique. In this technique, eggs from the intended mother/donor and sperms from the intended father or donor are artificially fertilized in the laboratory. The created embryo is then implanted into the mother’s uterus within 2 to 5 days. IVF technique is a lengthy process and couples need to visit the clinic multiple times.
This process is quite similar to the IVS process, but single sperm is used in this technique. The sperm is directly injected into the egg for artificial fertilization in the laboratory setup. If fertilization is successful and the embryo is formed, then it transfers to the uterine cavity of the intended mother within 2 to 5 days.
This process is specifically utilized for severe male factor infertility. In this process, a very less number of sperms are collected from semen samples or directly from the testis. Among them, high-quality sperm is selected for fertilization. Donor sperm can also be used in case of absence of sperm or low viability of sperm.
Hormone replacement therapy
Women after menopause can also have a scope to become pregnant through hormone replacement therapy. However, multiple tests require checking the ability to carry the pregnancy. Sometimes donor eggs are also used to increase the scope of pregnancy.
Surrogacy is an alternative way to treat women’s infertility
Some uterine issues in women do not support natural conception or carrying the fetus for a sufficient period. Some disease treatment requires hysterectomy and removal of the uterus does not support natural conceiving. Heart disease or other ill-health conditions increase pregnancy risk. Even failure of a variety of assisted-reproduction techniques, such as IVF may cause infertility.
These are some reasons why couples search for alternative ways to build up their family. Surrogacy is one of such assisted-reproduction techniques, which allows infertile women to enjoy the pregnancy by involving every step of their child’s development in another womb.
In surrogacy, intended parents are allowed to use their eggs and sperm to create the embryo, which is then transferred into the uterus of the surrogate. The Surrogate carries the child for the whole gestational period and after delivery she hand-over the child over to the intended parents. Thus many infertile couples enjoy their parenthood.
In case of infertility does not allow to use of sperm or egg of the intended parents due to insufficiency or poor quality, then using donor gametes (either donated sperm or eggs) collected from sperm or egg bank make surrogacy possible.
Surrogacy is an open door for infertile people who believe becoming parents is more important than actually being pregnant. Moreover, infertile people get an option to preserve a genetic connection to their child by opting for surrogacy.
Both traditional and gestational surrogacy options are open for every infertile people. However, gestational surrogacy is a more preferable method. In this process, the surrogate has no biological connection with the child which she carries for the intended parents.
Ravi Sharma is a self-motivated, successful entrepreneur and has a solid experience in the fertility segment. and he is the director at ARTbaby Global (ARThealthcare). He is a pharmacy graduate with post-graduation in business administration and has 14 years of rich experience in the field of infertility segment. He loves to write about IVF, Surrogacy, and other ART (assisted reproductive technology) news, issues, and updates. He is a Pharmacy graduate (B. Pharm) and M.B.A (marketing).
His most recent success includes the successful launch of the medical tourism company, ARTbaby, which offers treatment options for infertility, egg donation, and surrogacy. He likes spending time with his family and writing about various aspects of IVF surrogacy and donating eggs.