How does surrogacy work?

Surrogacy can be simply defined as the process of giving birth to a child after completing the whole gestational period successfully for an infertile couple. This process gradually gets public as well as legal acceptance in some country as it assists to build-up a family for an infertile couple.  Surrogacy is an alternative option for natural conception and pregnancy and intended parents take assistance from surrogate mother for carrying the implanted embryo and to complete the term.

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The surrogacy law differs from one country to another and even it can vary state wise, so before opting the surrogacy, intended parents and surrogate mother should aware of the laws and regulation. There are two surrogacy methods are available.

Traditional Surrogacy

Img - How Surrogacy work - mother holding baby

In this process, the surrogate mother’s egg is used for fertilization. Clinically, the eggs are collected from the surrogate mother and then artificially fertilized in a Petri-dish and then the embryo is implanted in the surrogate mother’s womb. Then surrogate mother completes the gestational period with a routine visit to obstetrics clinics and after completion of the term give birth to a child for the infertile couple, who will be the legal parents of the newborn child.

If the egg of the intended mother is poor quality for fertilization, but the mother has the capacity to carry the fetus and ability to deliver a child, then surrogate requires for egg donation. The donor egg is artificially fertilized and then implant to intended mother’s womb to pursue the gestational term. This surrogacy process is termed as partial surrogacy.

In both of these methods, the intended mother does not have a biological relationship with the newborn, as they do not have a similar genetic sequence. However, the father has a genetic relationship with the newborn.

Gestational Surrogacy

In this case, the intended mother’s egg is used for artificial fertilization. A surrogate mother is the only carrier of the fetus and after completing the gestation period deliver the child for the intended parents. In this case, the female partner of the intended mother unable to carry the child and to complete the term due to her impaired reproductive organ does not support to do so. In gestational Surrogacy, the intended parents and newborn child have a genetic relationship.

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Surrogacy is now a widely accepted process due to the advancement in reproductive technology.  Surrogacy becomes a blessing for infertile couples, same-sex couples, and single individuals, who have the scope to build a family by opting for this advanced reproductive technology. But yet now some countries like India do not legally support this as the scope of embezzlement.  Even the legislative actions in the United States also very sluggish and the legal questionnaire vary from state to state. Now you can choose between Gestational and Traditional Surrogacy: Which one is the best for you?

There are several professional surrogacy centers are developed in different countries, where surrogacy is a legal process to provide a hassle-free surrogacy service. These professional surrogacy centers take responsibility to complete the whole process legally under the supervision of expert medical service providers and keeping the values of both the parties (intended parents and surrogate mother) by maintaining the confidentiality. These service providers also help to increase awareness about surrogacy.

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