The most discussed topic in the medical field is about the advent of various new reproductive technologies. However, there are very fewer surveys conducted specifically on surrogacy, to confirm public attitudes about these technologies. There are two different sentiments usually important to evaluate. Those who worked as surrogates and those who utilize surrogacy technology. The different psychological set-up of these two stakeholders offers the scope for public debate.
There are some surveys conducted to evaluate the public opinion about the surrogacy. Some individuals believe that proprietary of surrogate motherhood stays divided. However, the majority of the modern generation does not accept it. Traditional believers who have conservative mentality raise question on social policy issues.
The opinion obtained from surrogacy supporters states that the success of surrogacy depends upon the meeting of a potential surrogate and desperate couples who can accept this technology as a treatment procedure. However, country-specific surrogacy rules and regulation often restrict this convention.
People who disapprove surrogacy usually considered it as a type of business, especially in case of commercial surrogacy. According to them, vulnerable women are targeted for commercial surrogacy. Depending upon this public opinion, many countries have banned commercial surrogacy. But, surrogacy procedure is conducted after signing the consent forms from both the parties (surrogates and intended parents). Therefore, clinical surrogacy does not violate human rights.
Some of the general population sentiments follow that surrogacy involves sexual exploitation. But in clinical surrogacy, the embryo is created in the laboratory set-up without any physical contact with the surrogate. Hence, the chances of sexual harassment are negligible. On the contrary, if the general public considers the physical and emotional stress of surrogate, then it is always a part of the maternity process.
To compensate for the physical and emotional investment of surrogate, commercial surrogacy is started. But each pregnancy indeed has its risks which relate to both physical and psychological. This cannot be measured by money alone. This issues may solve by maintaining a good relationship with surrogate even after the birth of a child and share the birth history with the child after a correct age.
All these issues are manmade due to different opinions about the surrogacy process and few unethical practices of this medical technology. Overall, surrogacy is considered a huge success in reproductive treatment.
Every human being has rights to have a child. Successful surrogacy offers this reward to every human. But there is a thin line between the right to have a child and the right to a child. This small difference changes the point of view of the general population about surrogacy.
It is obvious that surrogacy does not transform fertile women into baby factories but it completely depends upon the decision making of the surrogate. Therefore, the general population should start to get concern about the surrogate’s decision and not to consider surrogacy as an illegal process. The entire process of surrogacy seeks social support including those performing and those who are utilizing.
Ravi Sharma is the director at ARTbaby Global (ARThealthcare). And a successful pharmacist and a marketer. He loves to write about IVF, Surrogacy and other ART (assisted reproductive technology) news, issues, and updates. He is a Pharmacy graduate (B. Pharm) and M.B.A (marketing).