Do both Egg and Sperm donation at the same time is allowed for surrogacy?

The title of the article raises a very critical question and many couples may look forward to the answer. In modern reproductive clinical practice, this type of scenario is not very uncommon, where both the partners are not reproductively allowed to become biological parents of their child. For such conditions, both egg and sperm donation services require to allow surrogacy.

surrogacy with sperm and egg donation

Currently, reproductive issues are common and many couples are unable to conceive naturally even after years of trying for it. Couples seek third-party assisted reproductive technology when conventional fertility treatment fails and doctors are recommended to do so.  Surrogacy service usually requires when a female partner is unable to carry the pregnancy for the full term.  In many cases, the intended mother not even produces sufficient healthy eggs require for IVF (In-vitro fertilization). In such cases, egg donation services also require pursuing gestational surrogacy.  Although, in the case of traditional surrogacy, surrogate eggs are used. In both of these cases, the intended mother does not have a biological relationship with a born child. However, in many countries, traditional surrogacy is illegal and banned. Therefore, IVF becomes an integral part of the surrogacy procedure. In IVF, a collected egg from an egg donor is artificially fertilized with the intended father’s sperm in a laboratory setup. The generated embryo is then implanted into the surrogate’s womb to achieve pregnancy and for further development of the fetus.

But in certain cases, couples who seek surrogacy also require sperm donation services because male partners are unable to release healthy sperm for IVF. Sperm bank service providers extensively screen sperm donors before collecting the sperm. Usually, this screening process is conducted twice. The first screening test is conducted for eligibility checking and repeat physical tests after six months to confirm the absence of genetic disorder or any transmissible diseases including AIDS. After confirmation through negative test results, sperm is collected. Both fresh and frozen sperms can be used to continue the surrogacy treatment.

The egg donation service is a little complicated. Most of the time, egg donors are compensated for their service.  The response of egg donation is great for the success of infertility treatment. Younger-aged females with good fertility ability and follow a healthy lifestyle are usually considered for egg donation. However, before starts the clinical procedure, the egg donor has to undergo multiple screening tests to reduce any complications for her as well as for future children generated from her egg.

A very synchronized treatment planning is required for the surrogacy procedure, where both egg donation and sperm donation services are required to continue the whole treatment. Three primary players are in such cases are surrogate, egg donor, and sperm donor.  A physical harmony needs maintain between egg donors and surrogates so that the collected and created embryo should not be wasted.  In the egg donation process, the egg donor needs to take hormonal therapy to stimulate ovulation, whereas the surrogate also needs to be physically prepared to implant the embryo after transferring the generated embryo. Usually, IVF experts recommend some hormonal therapy to a surrogate to sink with the date of ovulation of the egg donor. The medications help to prepare the uterine line of the surrogate for successful embryo implantation.

Surrogacy agencies need to take care of sperm availability which matches the parameters of the intended parents. Before, starting the surrogacy procedure, doctors need to clarify the requirement of fresh or frozen sperm after discussing with the intended parents. Although, both fresh and frozen sperm success rate is equal. A synchronized treatment plan can provide a successful pregnancy outcome in the case of surrogacy with both egg and sperm donation services.

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